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Tornado + Supervisord + Nginx 配置

在项目中用到了tornado来写一个简单web程序,同时为了更加方便地管理,使用supervisor来守护管理tornado进程。 另外使用nginx作为tornado多进程多端口的反向代理,同时可以达到均衡负载的作用。下面简要记录配置过程。

Tornado

参考此文件,使用Tornado提供的options,可以解析命参数,到时候在后面加 –port=8001 就能 按照指定端口执行,方便后面多进程。

import tornado.httpserver
import tornado.ioloop
import tornado.options
import tornado.web

from tornado.options import define, options
define("port", default=8000, help="run on the given port", type=int)

class IndexHandler(tornado.web.RequestHandler):
    def get(self):
        greeting = self.get_argument('greeting', 'Hello')
        self.write(greeting + ', friendly user!')

if __name__ == "__main__":
    tornado.options.parse_command_line()
    app = tornado.web.Application(handlers=[(r"/", IndexHandler)])
    http_server = tornado.httpserver.HTTPServer(app,xheaders=True) 
    http_server.listen(options.port)
    tornado.ioloop.IOLoop.instance().start()

Supervisord

使用pip安装,安装好之后默认是没有配置文件的,需要自行添加,位置是在 /etc/supervisord.conf 可以使用 echo_supervisord_conf >/etc/supervisord.conf 生成默认配置,不过里面都是注释掉的。 配置内容修改参考下面,下面配置成Tornado开了四个进程,端口为 8001-8004

[group:strapp]
programs=strategy

[program:strategy]
command=python /home/strategydev/www/index.py --port=80%(process_num)02d
directory=/home/strategydev/www
process_name = %(program_name)s%(process_num)d
autorestart=true
redirect_stderr=true
stdout_logfile=/home/strategydev/var/log/tornado.log
stdout_logfile_maxbytes=500MB
stdout_logfile_backups=50
stderr_logfile=/home/strategydev/var/log/tornado.log
loglevel=info
numprocs = 4
numprocs_start = 1

然后启动supervisord,使用控制台查看运行状况,如显示无误即可:

[root@Backend_Server etc]# supervisorctl status
strapp:strategy1                 RUNNING    pid 12528, uptime 0:02:14
strapp:strategy2                 RUNNING    pid 12529, uptime 0:02:14
strapp:strategy3                 RUNNING    pid 12530, uptime 0:02:14
strapp:strategy4                 RUNNING    pid 12527, uptime 0:02:14

Nginx

需要添加 upstream 并配反向代理

upstream tornadoes {
server 127.0.0.1:8001;
server 127.0.0.1:8001;
server 127.0.0.1:8002;
server 127.0.0.1:8004;
}

server {
listen 8888;
server_name www.example.org *.example.org;


location / {
    proxy_pass_header Server;
    proxy_set_header Host $http_host;
    proxy_redirect off;
    proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
    proxy_set_header X-Scheme $scheme;
    proxy_pass http://tornadoes;
}

配置完成重启nginx即可。

另外应该用iptable屏蔽8001-8004端口。

1.允许本地所有端口:

-A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT

2.屏蔽外网访问8001~8002端口:

-A INPUT -p tcp  --dport 8001:8004 -j REJECT

开机启动

将下面保存为/etc/rc.d/init.d/supervisord

#!/bin/sh
#
# /etc/rc.d/init.d/supervisord
#
# Supervisor is a client/server system that
# allows its users to monitor and control a
# number of processes on UNIX-like operating
# systems.
#
# chkconfig: - 64 36
# description: Supervisor Server
# processname: supervisord
 
# Source init functions
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions
 
prog="supervisord"
 
prefix="/usr/"
exec_prefix="${prefix}"
prog_bin="${exec_prefix}/bin/supervisord"
PIDFILE="/var/run/$prog.pid"
 
start()
{
        echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
        daemon $prog_bin --pidfile $PIDFILE
        retval=$?
        echo
        [ $retval -eq 0 ] && [ -f $PIDFILE ]
        return $retval
}
 
stop()
{
        echo -n $"Shutting down $prog: "
        [ -f $PIDFILE ] && killproc $prog || success $"$prog shutdown"
        echo
}
 
case "$1" in
 
  start)
    start
  ;;
 
  stop)
    stop
  ;;
 
  status)
        status $prog
  ;;
 
  restart)
    stop
    start
  ;;
 
  * )
    echo "Usage: $0 {start|stop|restart|status}"
  ;;
 
esac

然后

chmod +x /etc/rc.d/init.d/supervisord
chkconfig --add supervisord #加为服务

运行ntsysv,选中supervisord启动系统时跟着启动。

参考

2014-03-22补充一键脚本

#/bin/bash
# 2014-03-22
yum install python-pip
yum install python-devel
yum install nginx
pip install tornado
pip install supervisor

wget -O /var/www/index.py https://gist.githubusercontent.com/gracece/21e5719b234929799eeb/raw/index.py
wget -O /etc/supervisord.conf https://gist.githubusercontent.com/gracece/21e5719b234929799eeb/raw/supervisord.conf
wget -O /etc/nginx/conf.d/tornado.conf https://gist.githubusercontent.com/gracece/21e5719b234929799eeb/raw/tornado.conf 

supervisord
/etc/init.d/nginx restart
supervisorctl reload all
supervisorctl status

iptables -A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -p tcp  --dport 8001:8004 -j REJECT
/etc/init.d/iptables save

wget -O /etc/rc.d/init.d/supervisord https://gist.githubusercontent.com/gracece/21e5719b234929799eeb/raw/supervisord
chmod +x /etc/rc.d/init.d/supervisord
chkconfig --add supervisord
ntsysv

以上为粗放型安装Tornado+supervisor+nginx 脚本,适用于centos6,其他系统可能无法正常运行,默认端口为8888,nginx反向代理8001-8004 四个进程, 默认py文件为/var/www/index.py ,如果需要更改,请修改/etc/supervisord.conf 里对应文件夹即可, 然后运行 supervisorctl reload all 重启进程。

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